TACAIDS website aims at disseminating and sharing of HIV and AIDS information and experience among stakeholders for proper implementation of various programs.

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Dr. Leonard L. Maboko


Supporting the Most Vulnerable Children in Tanzania is a challenge as most of the interventions are not sustainable for instance education support is mainly scholastic materials not promoting vocational training skills. It has also been noted that normally widows are given grants to establish income generating activities through grants. The challenge is on how to develop their entrepreneurship skills to run sustain income generating activities. We need to empower the communities to take care of the marginalized groups by supporting the safety nets that promote reliable social protection.

It has been reported that the number of orphans who receive free basic external support has been increasing over time. For instance the impact assessment of the Most Vulnerable Children (MVC) Programme implemented by the Department of Social welfare with support from the UNICEF showed that by 2005 and 2006, almost 30 per cent of surveyed children in the sample districts reported support from the programme. The Tanzania HIV & AIDS Indicator Survey (THIS) 2003-04 indicated that only 4 to 6 percent of the orphans and vulnerable children lived in households that received various types of external support and support services were more prevalent in urban areas than in rural areas (TOMSHA).

tacaid has supported interventions related to income generating activities to a total of 103,186 OVC, 727 elderly persons, 2,911 widows and widowers, 67,017 vulnerable households, and 4,148 vulnerable groups were supported for during 2007.

tacaid recognizes the need for communities to provide support to vulnerable households of OVC. This support to households of OVC could be organized by committees formed at the community level by well wishers and sympathizers. By December 2007, the 906+ HIV implementers reported through TOMSHA that a total of 4,194 community based committees mobilized support for households of OVC. 

In order to effectively manage the impact of HIV&AIDS in a sustainable and self reliant manner it is important that PLHA are given the relevant and required skills and knowledge. tacaid has strengthened the PLHA capacity so that they can fully address the negative impacts of HIV&AIDS on their lives. A total of 11,983 PLHA (Annual Report 2008) were given skills to income generation and advocacy.


TACAIDS has facilitated to the establishment of National Council for People Living with HIV and AIDS (NAOPHA) which coordinates all Networks of PLHIV countrywide. These networks are highly active in implementing a variety of interventions to reduce the impact of HIV through advocacy to reduce stigma and discrimination, income generating activities and home-based care. Local governments and the voluntary sector (CSOs and FBOs) received support from the Community AIDS Response Fund (CARF) through the Regional Facilitating Agencies (RFAs) to build their response capacities and to provide direct support to targeted HIV and AIDS affected and infected people in communities. The voluntary sector also continued to receive support from the Rapaid 

Funding Envelope (RFE) through the Deloitte & Touche (grants manager). The local government through the community development departments also avails funding to income generating activities (IGA) as part of mitigating impact of HIV and AIDS.

With the progression of the epidemic still there are many indication that communities, families and individuals hardest hit by the HIV and AIDS face enormous difficulties to ensure their survival and sustainability of these interventions.

Most Ministries Departments and Agencies (MDAs) have conducted a situation and impact analysis of the effects of HIV on their sectors and have developed appropriate sector strategies which are used to develop interventions to counter the negative effects of the epidemic on their workforce (internal mainstreaming) and target-group (external mainstreaming).

Equally, the Regional Secretariats have been supported in implementing workplace interventions that are geared to support workers and their families who are affected by the epidemic. 


Lessons learnt from mainstreaming efforts by the public and private sectors show lack of comprehensiveness and sustainability due to lack of leadership and commitment, inadequate technical skills to execute the programmes, and limited human and financial resources to sustain the interventions hence making them dependent on tacaid for financial support.

The government has through the PMORALG established an HIV response structure through its Decentralization by Devolution policy covering the entire country with multi-sectoral committees on HIV at district, ward and village levels.

This initiative was based on the understanding that the fight against AIDS has to be organized and coordinated by appropriate structures which are close to the communities and which can respond to the specific threats and opportunities.

In order to enhance the involvement of the communities through Civil Society Organizations, eleven Regional Facilitating Agencies (RFAs) were established, each covering two regions to provide technical and financial support to community based initiatives.

RFA are also charged with the responsibilities of building capacity of Regional Secretariat and LGA in comprehensive HIV and AIDS planning and Monitoring and Evaluation.

Tanzania Commission for AIDS has been has been supporting interventions geared to impact mitigations through Civil Society Organizations. In 2007 funds amounting to Tshs. 1,176,840,354 were disbursed to 16 districts through Regional Facilitating Agencies. 

Notable efforts have been taken by Government and the public in general to appreciate the magnitude of the Orphans and vulnerable children as problem and acknowledge the fact that it is no longer a problem that can be dealt with at family level or their neighbors alone. National Most Vulnerable Children Plan of Action was finalized in 2007 covering four year (2007 to 2010). Both public and private sector stakeholders received funding from the Global Fund and PEPFAR to provide care, support and protection of MVC.

The fight against HIV/AIDS
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