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Regional, District and Community Level Print E-mail

The inception of Tanzania National HIV Policy, establishment of the Tanzania Commission for AIDS in 2001, and the development of the Tanzania National Multisectoral Strategic Framework on HIV&AIDS (NMSF) have created a solid basis on which to mount an efficient and effective response to HIV.

The NMSF places a strong focus on not only mounting a national response to HIV, but also monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness and efficiency with which the national response is being implemented. In terms of M&E, the NMSF and the Tanzania National Policy on HIV&AIDS stipulate:

  • That the responsibility for national level monitoring and evaluation rests with TACAIDS as one of its main functions;
  • The main indicators that should be used to track the goals of the NMSF;
  • That organisations at regional, district and community levels have a responsibility to include the national level data requirements in their own monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems;
  • That all organisations are required to report progress to TACAIDS on a quarterly and annual basis;
  • That TACAIDS will prepare annual report to communicate progress made to stakeholders;
  • That information about progress with the national HIV response would be disseminated once a year at national and district level stakeholders' forums (section 6.4.4 of NMSF 2003-2007; and Policy statement 10.5 (f) of the Tanzania National Policy on HIV&AIDS).
National Level Print E-mail

In terms of M&E, the NMSF and the Tanzania National Policy on HIV&AIDS stipulate that the responsibility for national level monitoring and evaluation rests with TACAIDS as one of its main functions;

Monitoring and Evaluation Print E-mail


The Operational Plan for Tanzania Mainland National Multisectoral HIV Monitoring and Evaluation System Volume 1 (1 July 2006 to 30 June 2012) provides detailed guidance for implementing all-important facets of the Tanzania National Multisectoral HIV M&E System (HIV-MES). This plan is a recipe book for ensuring that a fully functional M&E system can provide high quality data for analysing and strategically steering the national response to HIV and AIDS.

Impact Mitigation Print E-mail


Tanzania Commission for AIDS has developed a National Multisectoral Framework guiding the national response on HIV and AIDS under the four thematic areas. The Impact Mitigation thematic area has targeted to improve the quality of life of PLHIV and those affected by HIV and AIDS at all level.

By December 2006 it was estimated that there were some 2.2 million Orphans and Vulnerable Children in Tanzania, of which half (1.1 million) are estimated as most vulnerable children (MVC).

The exact impact of the AIDS epidemic in the country is unknown and difficult to establish, as studies linking HIV and AIDS with the country human capital development process are lacking. Moreover, the available reports from different sources, which estimate that without AIDS the annual number of deaths in 2015 would be 40 percent less.

Prevention Print E-mail

The HIV epidemic in Tanzania is the result of a complex interplay between biological, socio-cultural and socio-economic factors. The strategies outlined here aim to decrease the risk of infection among the general population, with special attention to young people, both through enhancing knowledge and skills and through making relevant health services more accessible and youth friendly. The health sector at the community level will contribute towards a dialogue about sexuality, gender roles and cultural practices in order to initiate critical reflection and action to reduce local factors that increase vulnerability to HIV.

Availability of relevant health services, such as management of Sexually Transmitted Infections, HIV testing and counseling (HTC), prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) and safe blood will be further expanded while safeguarding the quality and ensuring gender sensitivity. Condoms, both male and female, will be made available in all health facilities. Furthermore, additional innovative outlets and channels will be established to increase availability and accessibility of condoms to the general population. Although reducing rates of HIV infection is complex and painstaking work, however the good news is that there is ample evidence that HIV does yield to determined and concerted interventions.